The Philippine Cockatoo is endemic to this archipelago and formerly could be found on almost all its islands. Now, however, most of the specimens are on Palawan and closest islets. It is estimated to have a maximum of 1,245 specimens, and may be less than 1,000. The intense habitat loss and poaching have led this species to a critical situation.
Conservation status: Baltic:- Category CR (Critically Endangered) in the IUCN Red List.
Wild population: 1.200.
Captive population: The total is unknown. 55 are in the European programme (EEP).
Getting the Philippine Cockatoo Conservation improve its rating and is no longer considered "critically endangered", keeping it viable for subpopulations that still exist in the area.
The main strategy of the programme revolves around the preservation of existing subpopulations through conservation measures, such as protecting nests, and achieving the active participation of local people and their political leaders. Research and installing surveillance systems and guards are considered to be priority.
The definition of protected areas such as Rasa Island Wildlife Sanctuary has been essential. In some areas like this, collaboration with the population has been helpful to establish a system of guards (ex-poachers) to protect the nests from poachers. We have had really good breeding seasons, such as with 75 chicks from 32 pairs. There was a maximum of 22 cockatoos in 2000 on Rasa Island, and the current population is about 340, which are the source to repopulate other islands. We continue to work on the monitoring of nests, population monitoring, public awareness campaigns and agreements with the authorities to improve their protection against poachers, and also against the degradation of mangroves.
Palawan and other islands
Other organizations involved
Nacional and local authorities for Environment and Natural Resources
Funds since 1999: 1,681,028 $