Conservation of the St. Vincent Parrot

The St. Vincent Parrot has a very small population and a limited geographical distribution in one island. Hunting for food, capture for trade and habitat loss were the main causes of the initial decline of this species. Deforestation has been the result of forestry activities, expansion of banana cultivation, coal production, and the loss of nesting trees cut by hunters. The species is vulnerable to major natural events such as hurricanes and volcanic eruptions.

Amazona guildingii
Conservation status: VU (Vulnerable) in the Red List of the IUCN
Wild population: 735, stable or in gradual increase.
Captive population: Number unknown

Objectives
Increase the wild and captive populations of the St. Vincent Parrot and achieve the protection of greater area of its habitat.

Strategies
Support the production of a Conservation Plan for the species (SCP) that determines priorities for the conservation actions to be taken. In collaboration with the Forestry Department, support the in situ and ex situ conservation actions recommended in the SPC. Provide training and other technical cooperation to the Government of St. Vincent for the conservation of St. Vincent Parrot and its habitat. In the SVPCC, to reach a viable captive population as an important safeguard against the extinction of the species.

Actions
The Speces Conservation Plan was completed and published (SCP) in 2005. The most notable actions have shown in the biennial census of the wild population a population of 734 individuals in the latest census. In addition, the project has supported the publication of educational materials, and improved facilities in St. Viccent (Nicols Wildlife Center, Botanical Garden) to maintain and reproduce the species in captivity. Captive specimens come from seizures and injuries, and in recent years the centre has achieved four successful breeding pairs. The project has been against the construction of a road that would destroy the most important habitat of St. Vincent, and is not justified in economic and social terms. LPF sent veterinary experts to St. Vincent to train technicians of the Forestry Department on the management of the species in captivity. A genetic analysis has revealed adequate genetic diversity in the captive population and there are sufficient founders in the population, but there is a need to exchange more specimens to avoid inbreeding, especially to recruit more individuals. The last requirement is related to the social behavior of the species, which shows a very low level of reproduction without the encouragement of groups of individuals.

San Vicente and Las Grenadinas

Local Partner
Forestry Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries

Other organizations involved
St. Vincent Parrot Conservation Consortium

Funds since 2001: 36.700 $