The Yellow-naped Amazon is a species threatened by high levels of exploitation and habitat loss. Local demographic trends suggest that the species is suffering a rapid decline throughout its geographical distribution between southern Mexico and the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. The species can imitate the human voice very well and therefore is popular as a pet in the countries of origin, which drives the illegal extraction of chicks from nests in the wild.
Conservation status: VU (Vulnerable) in the Red List of the IUCN
Wild population: Minimum 20.000, maximum 50.000, in rapid decline.
Captive population: Number unknown
The objective of the project is to increase the size of the population of the Yellow-naped Amazon in that region of Nicaragua, where direct conservation interventions and creating greater awareness are ongoing.
To monitor natural nests and research the reproductive ecology of the Yellow-naped Amazons, and to reduce the limitation of few natural nests by introducing new designs of artificial nests. To reduce poaching by building a nest protection programme based incentives. To raise public awareness through education and intensive workshops for citizens to participate in the monitoring of the parrots. To use radio telemetry to document the movements and habitat use of juveniles and to determine the location of communal roosts. To monitor the relative abundance of Yellow-naped Amazons and other parrots in multiple sites to establish the habitat preferences and population density.
A local team of nest monitors (former nest poachers) has been trained in modern techniques of tree climbing and use of safety equipment. The most recently installed artificial nests were monitored and maintained, but in this region are often occupied by different species of small mammals, and therefore the design and locations are being reviewed and tested. Up to 70 potential and previously used trees for nesting have been visited to evaluate the use and 40% of these are most suitable for the Amazons. The project can expect 10/11 parrots nests to be included annually in the programme to encourage people to protect nests, and about 60% of nests successfully produce young which fledge; maybe 14 every year. A map of the extent of different types of land use in the region has been completed which improves the analysis of the effects of habitat types on the abundance of Yellow-naped Amazons and their use of these habitats. Educational workshops on parrots have been held, with a focus on the ‘Young Explorers’ programme, and 83 posters have been distributed to children attending such activities. An incentive for ‘Young Explorers’ to participate in the workshops is a badge of recognition which shows the Yellow-naped Amazon.
Other organizations involved
Sea World-Busch Gardens
USFS- International Institute for Tropical Forestry
Funds since 2008: 166,092 $