Research and conservación of the endemic parrots of Cuba

The Cuban Amazon and Cuban Parakeet are two species of parrots endemic to the island of Cuba. In both cases the situation is worrying, and although the Amazon was previously the most affected, with increased population decline and worse fragmentation of its geographical distribution, studies show that the situation is now more serious for the Cuban Parakeet. The progressive loss of habitat, trafficking for the pet trade and persecution in agricultural areas are its biggest threats.

Amazona leucocephala
Catey (Aratinga euops)
Conservation status: Category VU (Vulnerable) in the Red List of the IUCN
Wild population (A. leucocephala): About 5.000, in decline.
Captive population: Number unknown

Objectives
One of the main objectives of the project is to determine the abundance and distribution of both species in mountain ecosystems of central Cuba. To study the habitat of both species and evaluate the impact of the theft of chicks are other goals of this work.

Strategies
The observation and study of habitat for their breeding, feeding, and roosting habits. In addition, environmental education activities are carried out in the region aimed at the conservation of both species and their natural environment.

Actions
Research has provided data to be able to act in promoting the growth of populations, and the project has opted for the installation of nests-boxes made of baked clay, placed in trees or on limestone cliffs, as appropriate. In terms of interventions for environmental awareness and education, these include the annual Parrot Festival every June 5th, coinciding with World Environment Day. Participation is large and growing, with up to 13 neighbouring communities and numerous personalities. The planting by schools of more than 3,000 plants that serve as food for parrots is another case in point.

Cuba
Central area

Local Partner
Institute of Sistematics and Ecology

Funds since 2005: 40.726 $