The Indonesian island of Halmahera has nine species of parrots, including the Chattering Lory and White Cockatoo, both globally threatened. Halmahera has suffered in the last two decades a serious deterioration of its habitat. Meanwhile, the pressure from the bird trade area has been dramatic. Since 2004 the 167,300 hectares Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park has been declared, but it has had few resources and limited management capacity.
Chattering Lory (Lorius garrulus)
White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba)
Conservation status: Category VU (Vulnerable) in the Red List of the IUCN.
Wild population (C. alba): possibly less than 43.000, declining.
Captive population: Number unknown.
Improve the status of these species by contributing to the efficient management of the national park and acting to prevent capture and illegal trafficking.
Training and awareness-raising in the local communities about the importance of preserving the park as well as the introduction of formulas and behaviours that can contribute to its protection. Previously, the existing population of birds was studied in order to establish this protected area.
From 1994 to 1999 the project conducted extensive studies to identify priority areas for the conservation of parrots and biodiversity in Halmahera. This led directly to the declaration, in 2004, of the Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park. Since 2007 the project has focused on improving the management capacity of the national park, and on reducing illegal logging and capture of birds. Burung Indonesia and the park's management conducted censuses of populations of parrots. Burung Indonesia has also collaborated with the Ministry of Forestry to strengthen a zero quota for trade in these species, and in 2011 completed a draft regulation to protect the endemic birds. Another equally important aspect of this project has been to promote public support for conservation of the national park and its parrot populations, by improving awareness among decision makers, opinion leaders and the general public, with a focus on active bird trappers. They have established pilot conservation agreements in several villages surrounding the park, including a ban on the capture and trade of birds. This has been the basis for a programme of community-based guardians where known hunters can be persuaded to become guardians.
Island of Halmahera
Burung (BirdLife) Indonesia
Other organizations involved
Indonesian Directorate General of Forests Conservation and Nature Protection
Funds since 1994 : 419.524 $