The Spix's Macaw in all probability has been extinct in the wild since 2000. It disappeared due to habitat loss and illegal trafficking.
Conservation status: Baltic:- Category CR (Critically Endangered) in the IUCN Red List.
Wild population: 0.
Population in captivity: 80, growing slowly.
Retrieve the species through captive breeding and maintenance of habitat for future return to the wild.
The strategy promoted by Loro Parque Foundation since 1989 has been to create a sense of pride in the community around the Spix's Macaw, establishing favorable conditions for the protection of habitat conditions and for the reintroduction of the species from the captive population.
The last known specimen of the Spix's Macaw was monitored and protected, and fundamental studies conducted on its biology. In addition, with the local community a great effort has been made to protect and restore the habitat, this phase of the project being completed in 2002. More recent years have focused on research to improve the results of captive breeding in the Loro Parque Foundation Breeding Center. Through constant observation and scientific monitoring there has been successful reproduction, and birds have been returned to Brazil to continue the project in its place of origin.
Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity,
Government of Brazil
Other organizations involved
Working Group for the Recovery of the Spix’s Macaw
Funding since 1991: 716.586 $